N is a consonant and is spelled, en.
narco— relates to narcotics or a numbing effect, as from drugs.
necro— creates a noun or adjective to do with death or the dead.
neo— describes something new or renewed.
neo-classical, neocortex, neolithic
nervo— relates to nerves.
nitr—, nitro— describes a compound or something containing the element nitrogen.
nitric acid, nitroglycerin, nitrous oxide
non— gives a negative sense or describes a lack of something.
non-addictive, non-believer, non-delivery, non-payment, non-profit, nonsense
nona— stands for nine or ninth.
nucle—, nucleo— describe a nucleus or something to do with it.
nuclear physics, nucleic acid
nutri— describes something nourishing.
—naut describes a person who navigates a space vehicle or something similar.
aeronaut, astronaut, cosmonaut
—nd, —and, —end describes a person or sometimes a thing to be treated with some respect.
dividend, fiend, friend, reverend
—ness creates a noun from an adjective to express the state or condition of someone or something.
artfulness, calmness, closeness, idleness, sweetness, wilderness
—nik describes a person with certain characteristics, especially reminiscent of the 1960s.
beatnik, peacenik, refusenik
—nomy denotes an area of knowledge or system of laws in a certain field of study.
- Do a search on the Internet for words in the list of prefixes and suffixes. How are the words used? Do you understand them in context?
Special reading assignment
- Birds’ nests are difficult to see in the summer when the leaves fill out on the trees.
- Nuthatches nest in cavities in trees.
Note: This blog post is an excerpt from a book, English Manual: Letter by Letter, to be published in the summer of 2015.