C is for Cat

Felis catus
A domestic cat roams the streets of Toronto.

Prefixes

cir— or circ— stand for around.

circumference, circumstance

com— and con— stand for with.

combine, complete, compassion

conclave, conduct, conclude

co— means jointly.

coaxial, co-ed, cooperate

contra— means against.

contradict

counter— against, opposite, or in reply.

counteract, counterfeit, countersign

Suffixes

aceae plant families.

Corylaceae [hazelnuts]

ance, —ence  create a  noun describing a state or condition, or an action.

circumstance, continuance

conscience, dependence, emergence

Exercises

  1. Do you know the meaning of each word? If you can’t figure it out, go to the dictionary.
  2. Can you think of additional words with the same prefixes and suffixes? 

Special reading assignment

  1. Crazy kings and queens can’t corral coral-coloured cows quickly.
  2. The trouble with cats is that they’ve got no tact.                                — P. G. Wodehouse

 

Note: If you like cats and history, you may like to read the e-book, Edwardian Annotated Pets and How to Keep Them. This book discusses the origin of cats as pets, European wild cats, and also recommends how to keep a cat in 1907, Edwardian England.

A is for Another Ape

Gorrilla
It’s time for a snack at the Toronto Zoo.

Suffixes

There are many suffixes that begin with the letter a. This table provides the meaning of each suffix and some examples.

a  usually indicates a Latin noun in the singular.

agenda, diploma

able creates an adjective, fit for doing or able to be.

adorable, capable, valuable

ably creates an adverb, fit for doing or able to be.

adorably, inevitably, probably

aceae used to form the names of plant families.

Aceraceae [maples]

ade  creates a noun describing action done, something produced.

parade, blockade, lemonade

ae  at the end of a scientific name, signals the taxonomic level, Family.

Falconidae [falcons], Picidae [woodpeckers]

ae  at the end of a Latin noun: feminine, plural.

alumnae, algae

al or  ─ally  creates an adjective or descriptor.

formal, formally

an or ─ane  creates an adjective or descriptor.

reptilian, Anglican, urbane

ance  creates a noun describing a quality, state, instance, or action.

arrogance, chance, trance

ang  the past tense of verbs ending in ing.

ring, rang; sing, sang

ant  creates an adjective that attributes an action or state.

expectant, flippant, pendant

ant  creates a noun describing an agent of action.

assistant, deodorant

arch  denotes a kind of ruler.

matriarch, monarch

ate  resembling, having (or with) characteristics.

laminate, pontificate

ative  of, relating to, or associated with.

talkative, narrative, sedative

Exercises

1. Are you able to think of how to use any of these suffixes as prefixes? Try to think of some words, e.g., anterior.